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中心博士研究生最新科研成果报告


报告人:武振伟&张顺洪(北京大学应用物理与技术研究中心)
时 间:2015年3月17日(周二)12:15—13:15
地 点:工学院1号楼210
主持人:乔宾 特聘研究员

Hidden topological order and its correlation with glass-forming ability in metallic glasses,Nature Communications, 2015, 6:6035

报告人:武振伟(北京大学应用物理与技术研究中心)
报告简介:
Unlike the well-defined long-range periodic order that characterizes crystals, so far the inherent atomic packing mode in glassy solids remains mysterious. Based on molecular dynamics simulations, we find medium-range atomic packing orders in metallic glasses which are hidden in the diffraction data in terms of structure factors or pair correlation functions. The analysis of the hidden orders in various metallic glasses indicates that the glassy and crystalline solids share a nontrivial structural homology in short-to-medium range, and the hidden orders are formulated by inheriting partial crystalline orders during glass formation. As the number of chemical components increases, more hidden orders are often developed in a metallic glass and entangled topologically. We use this phenomenon to explain the geometric frustration in glass formation and the glass-forming ability of metallic alloys.


Penta-graphene: A New Carbon Allotrope,Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 2015, 112(8):2372 

报告人:张顺洪(北京大学应用物理与技术研究中心)

报告简介:A 2D metastable carbon allotrope, penta-graphene, composed entirely of carbon pentagons and resembling the Cairo pentagonal tiling, is proposed. State-of-the-art theoretical calculations confirm that the new carbon polymorph is not only dynamically and mechanically stable, but also can withstand temperatures as high as 1000 K. Due to its unique atomic configuration, penta-graphene has an unusual negative Poisson’s ratio and ultrahigh ideal strength that can even outperform graphene. Furthermore, unlike graphene that needs to be functionalized for opening a band gap, penta-graphene possesses an intrinsic quasi-direct band gap as large as 3.25 eV, close to that of ZnO and GaN. Equally important, penta-graphene can be exfoliated from T12-carbon. When rolled up, it can form pentagon-based nanotubes which are semiconducting, regardless of their chirality. When stacked in different patterns, stable 3D twin structures of T12-carbon are generated with band gaps even larger than that of T12-carbon. The versatility of penta-graphene and its derivatives are expected to have broad applications in nanoelectronics and nanomechanics.


   

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